A New Relative Skill Measure for Games with Chance Elements
By Marcel Dreef, Peter Borm and Ben van der Genugten
In 2001, Bormand Vander Genugten presented a method of measuring the skill level of a given game, one that had the potential to be used in a judicial sense to determine games of skill. In this publication the authors present a modification of the method, using draw poker as an illustration.
Match Poker, a guide for players
By The International Federation of Poker
The IFP presents the rules to match poker, the variant of the game most dependent on skill which eliminates luck by dealing the same hand to players positioned in the same seat across multiple tables. In this guide the intricacies of the game are laid out, from the preparation of decks and the structure of the game to working examples of match poker in action.
Measuring Skill in More-Person Games with Applications to Poker
By Ruud Hendrickx, Peter Borm, Ben van der Genugten, Pim Hilbers
In this comprehensive research, Ruud Hendrickx, Peter Borm, Ben van der Genugten and Pim Hilbers use an analytical approach to lay out the various measures of skill in multi-player games, with specific reference to poker, which they go on to categorise as a game of skill.
Poker, Chance and Skill
By Noga Alon
The question of whether or not poker is a skill game is examined in this document that takes a purely scientific approach to the question. Using a sample game, a precise mathematical analysis is made in order to estimate how skilful one player is over another.
On Strategy and Relative Skill in Poker
By Marcel Dreef, Peter Borm, Ben van der Genugten
This study, published in June 2002 and written by Marcel Dreef, Peter Borm, Ben van der Genugten, presents a generalisation of the equilibrium analysis for a two-player poker game. It approximates optimal play and discusses some strategic insights while at the same time examining relative skill levels of the game.
The Role of Skill versus Luck in Poker: Evidence from the World Series of Poker
By Steven D. Levitt and Thomas J. Miles
In determining the legality of online poker courts have relied heavily on the issue of whether or not poker is a game of skill. In this study, published in April 2011, a selection of poker players, identified as being highly skilled prior to the start of the 2010 World Series, have their performances examined and compared to other players. The results lend weight to the case that poker is a game of skill.